in ,

Week 6 of pregnancy

The news of pregnancy might still be new to you, leaving you a little emotional to take it in, along with experiencing some new but uncomfortable symptoms and it is understandable if you feel nervous and uncertain altogether in week 6 of pregnancy

By now, you would have made your first prenatal visit, the healthcare provider would check on the conformity of pregnancy, any complications due to family history or health issues and will evaluate your health. By now, the embryo starts forming distinctive organs.

Congratulations! You are six weeks pregnant, even if you have confirmed your pregnancy a week or two ago. The first day of the last menstrual period is the start of pregnancy and right 40 weeks after is the due date. Doctors calculate due dates based on weeks. 

It is normal to feel bloated or nauseous in week 6. But you would not look pregnant. But there will be swift changes as the embryo rapidly grows and within weeks, it would need a lot more space. Vital organs and body systems start to take form and rapidly develop.

Week 6 of pregnancy

Fetal development at week 6

The embryo has undergone a lot of changes within a week. It is now the size of a sweetpea, about 1/4th of an inch. Even though there isn’t any physical sign, you can definitely sense changes in your body, physically and emotionally. It doesn’t look like a baby yet as it has to develop organs and systems as it is just the start! 

  • The arm and leg buds start to sprout
  • Features like eyes, nose, cheeks, ears, etc. start to form the shape.
  • The heart starts to pump and flow blood
  • The neural tube is formed and closed
  • Primitive germ cells that facilitate the formation of male or female genitalia
  • The head looks large and a small C-shaped body
  • It now has optic ventricle, which later develops into eyes. 

The heart of the embryo is the first thing that starts functioning. If you are lucky enough, you might see the little heart beating by this time through ultrasound. The rate of the heartbeat would be twice as a normal human heartbeat, at about 150 to 160 beats per minute. It is okay if the fetal heartbeat is not visible through ultrasound. It is not important till week 8 at least. All pregnancies are recommended for scheduled USG scans, to visualize proper development of the embryo. They ensure proper organ development in the baby. 

You might have a million questions pondering over your mind before the prenatal visit. Make sure that you note it down and talk about it to your doctor.

6 weeks of pregnancy symptoms

Your hormones are basically at a rise, but you won’t feel the intensity of the symptoms as you are still early in your pregnancy. However, some women feel terribly nauseous, even in their starting weeks of pregnancy

Morning sickness and nauseousness:

This symptom is triggered due to a rise in the level of pregnancy hormones in the body. It is an everyday affair and the impact can be reduced by doing more mindful practice and seeking support. Regular consumption of prescribed antiemetics won’t harm the mother or the child. Just make sure that you replenish all the fluid loss well.

Gas and bloating:

The pregnancy hormones can cause more of these tummy troubles. Make sure that you have enough water and eat fiber rich food to reduce the bloating. 

Week 6 of pregnancy

Frequent urination:

As the baby is increasing in size gradually, the uterus grows rapidly and it pushes the bladder and you will find yourself taking frequent trips to the loo. Do not restrict fluids at this stage, just continue them and possibly cut down on the caffeine intake. If your urination is painful/burning,  you may have a Urinary Tract Infection(UTI). A visit to your registered doctor is highly recommended as infections untreated may cause serious manifestations in the developing baby.

Self-care tips

Maintain a healthy lifestyle

Just as you start your pregnancy journey, you don’t just eat or exercise for yourself but you also do it for the little life inside you. Avoiding alcohol and drugs is recommended to avoid any health complications. Adopting healthier habits help to reduce the effects of hormonal changes and its complications

Handling fatigue

It is the body’s way of indicating that you need more rest. Try to take short naps during the day. It is also important to get enough sleep during the night and have a proper sleep routine. It is recommended to avoid having caffeinated drinks close to bedtime or using electronic devices before sleeping. A healthier diet and water intake also affect the quality of sleep.

Tips to deal with frequent urination

Frequent urination is a pregnancy symptom most of the women experience in their early pregnancy. It is important to stay hydrated even if you have to frequently urinate. Don’t reduce the intake of water to reduce your trips to the loo. Staying hydrated is vital for your health and the health of the baby. Don’t hold the urine and try to empty the bladder fully whenever you  use the loo. While it can be annoying and uneasy, don’t hold the urine for long period

Take necessary prenatal supplements

Continue taking prenatal supplements from day 1 of pregnancy. The folic acids and vitamins recommended are very essential for the baby as it helps avoid any birth deformities or defects and provides essential nutrients for the healthy growth of the baby inside.

Week 6 of pregnancy

You might also like to know: Week 5 of pregnancy

Visit the doctor

Moms-to-be who fear pregnancy complications or have doubts over pregnancy usually take their first prenatal visit to the doctor on week 6. It is important to gather vital information that you would have to provide for the record. Some of the important ones are – 

  • Date of last menstrual period
  • Past pregnancies or related complications
  • Miscarriages in the past if any
  • Health complications or allergies.
  • Medications or prenatal vitamins you are taking prior to the doctor’s recommendations.
  • Any kind of discomfort or allergy over medications
  • Previous operations or hospitalizations records
  • Family history of any abnormalities, birth defects, deformities, or any inherited diseases.

You can also prepare a list of questions and doubts that you would like to get cleared based on your present situation and ask for tips or self-care strategies to deal with symptom complications.

It is advised to be open and frank about your situation. Create your own pregnancy journal and write everything down, even if it has to be emotional changes.

The ultrasound taken at week 6 is to observe-

  • Determining if it is a baby or twins
  • A glimpse of little heart
  • Measuring the size of gestational sac and embryo to get an accurate estimate of the due date
  • To verify a pregnancy inside the uterus.

Seek medical help if you have any of the following complications-

  • Bleeding 
  • Burning micturition
  • Dehydration or excess vomiting
  • Severe pelvic pain

Special considerations and complications

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) 

These are much more common in the pregnancy due to mechanical changes in the urinary and reproductive system, causing bacteria to lodge inside, instead of getting washed out. The signs of UTI are excessive urination, which is also a symptom of pregnancy and so, it is hard to tell if you have an infection.

Other symptoms that can help identify the infection include pain and burning while urination and foul-smelling urine. You can ask the health care provider to check-up and recommend medications.

Miscarriage 

Miscarriage is a critical concern for any mom-to-be during the first trimester of the pregnancy as the chances of miscarriage at this time are quite high. You may fear over every pain or twinge that you experience or may panic at the sight of little bleeding. But they are quite normal and a little pain or bleeding is a symptom of pregnancy.

The concern arises when the spotting doesn’t stop after a few days or the pain is unbearable and lasts for more than a few days. If you experience pelvic pain, seek consultation from a doctor immediately.  

Important checklists for week 6 pregnancy

  • Take necessary examinations recommended by the doctor
  • Take note of physical and emotional changes and consult a doctor
  • Maintain a pregnancy journal
  • Take enough rest and maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Take necessary medications and prenatal vitamins
  • Prepare for your first prenatal appointment
  • Avoid foods that are not recommended during pregnancy

Bottomline

Your baby’s little heart will probably start beating during this week, indicating that a life is forming at a rapid rate inside you. It is important to seek help and practice mindfulness to avoid feeling nauseous and sick. The growth of the baby would impact you in the following weeks. It is important to prepare yourself emotionally, mentally and physically to make the pregnancy journey as smooth as possible. Take all the necessary precautions to avoid complications in the future. You’ve got this!

Reference:

Healthline.com: https://www.healthline.com/health/pregnancy#:~:text=Pregnancy%20occurs%20when%20a%20sperm,term%20pregnancy%20lasts%2040%20weeks.

Medicineplus.gov: https://medlineplus.gov/pregnancy.html

Womenshealth.gov: https://www.womenshealth.gov/pregnancy/youre-pregnant-now-what/stages-pregnancy

What do you think?

Written by Neetu Verma

I am a certified Nurse in General Nursing - Midwifery. I am currently fighting coronavirus in a government hospital in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India as a nurse on special duty. I have a special love for writing and write as and when time allows me to do so.

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Loading…

0
week 5 of pregnancy

Week 5 of pregnancy

Week 3 of pregnancy

Week 7 of pregnancy